Aircastle Limited
Aircastle LTD (Form: 10-Q, Received: 05/07/2014 17:07:35)
Table of Contents

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
  _______________________________________________________________
FORM 10-Q
  _______________________________________________________________
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2014

or

¨
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from            to            

Commission File number 001-32959
_______________________________________________________________
  AIRCASTLE LIMITED
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
  _______________________________________________________________
Bermuda
98-0444035
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(IRS Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
c/o Aircastle Advisor LLC
300 First Stamford Place, 5 th  Floor, Stamford, CT
06902
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code     (203) 504-1020
_______________________________________________________________
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    YES   þ     NO   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    YES   þ     NO   ¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer
þ
Accelerated filer
¨
Non-accelerated filer
o   (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
¨
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    YES   ¨     NO   þ
As of April 30, 2014 , there were 81,004,031 outstanding shares of the registrant’s common shares, par value $0.01 per share.


Table of Contents

Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Form 10-Q
Table of Contents
 
 
 
Page
No.
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 2013 and March 31, 2014
 
Consolidated Statements of Income for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014
 
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014
 
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014
 
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 5.
Item 6.

2

Table of Contents

PART I. — FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1.        Financial Statements
Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Dollars in thousands, except share data)
 
 
December 31,
2013
 
March 31,
2014
 
 
 
(Unaudited)
ASSETS
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
654,613

 
$
614,096

Accounts receivable
2,825

 
4,437

Restricted cash and cash equivalents
122,773

 
102,463

Restricted liquidity facility collateral
107,000

 
65,000

Flight equipment held for lease, net of accumulated depreciation of $1,430,325 and $1,450,597
5,044,410

 
5,679,723

Net investment in finance leases
145,173

 
142,400

Unconsolidated equity method investment
21,123

 
21,440

Other assets
153,976

 
148,706

Total assets
$
6,251,893

 
$
6,778,265

 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
LIABILITIES
 
 
 
Borrowings from secured financings (including borrowings of ACS Ireland VIEs of $152,545 and $93,938, respectively)
$
1,586,835

 
$
1,641,727

Borrowings from unsecured financings
2,150,527

 
2,650,498

Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
111,661

 
156,765

Lease rentals received in advance
49,235

 
51,660

Liquidity facility
107,000

 
65,000

Security deposits
118,804

 
117,024

Maintenance payments
442,432

 
446,742

Fair value of derivative liabilities
39,992

 
4,765

Total liabilities
4,606,486

 
5,134,181

 
 
 
 
Commitments and Contingencies


 


 
 
 
 
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
Preference shares, $.01 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, no shares issued and outstanding

 

Common shares, $.01 par value, 250,000,000 shares authorized, 80,806,975 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2013; and 81,004,031 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2014
808

 
810

Additional paid-in capital
1,562,106

 
1,561,508

Retained earnings
158,398

 
147,974

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(75,905
)
 
(66,208
)
Total shareholders’ equity
1,645,407

 
1,644,084

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
6,251,893

 
$
6,778,265

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

3


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Income
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2014
Revenues:
 
 
 
Lease rental revenue
$
156,590

 
$
174,335

Finance lease revenue
3,884

 
3,987

Amortization of lease premiums, discounts and lease incentives
(7,081
)
 
(6,591
)
Maintenance revenue (including contra maintenance revenue of $0 and $16,382 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014, respectively)
16,866

 
3,042

Total lease revenue
170,259

 
174,773

Other revenue
5,930

 
1,830

Total revenues
176,189

 
176,603

 
 
 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
Depreciation
69,900

 
73,927

Interest, net
59,152

 
64,263

Selling, general and administrative (including non-cash share based payment expense of $811 and $990 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014, respectively)
13,285

 
13,944

Impairment of Aircraft
6,199

 
18,263

Maintenance and other costs
3,412

 
1,863

Total expenses
151,948

 
172,260

 
 
 
 
Other income:
 
 
 
Gain on sale of flight equipment
1,192

 
1,110

Other
1,215

 
757

Total other income
2,407

 
1,867

 
 
 
 
Income from continuing operations before income taxes
26,648

 
6,210

Income tax provision
3,584

 
883

Earnings of unconsolidated equity method investment, net of tax

 
450

Net income
$
23,064

 
$
5,777

 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share — Basic:
 
 
 
Net income per share
$
0.34

 
$
0.07

 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share — Diluted:
 
 
 
Net income per share
$
0.34

 
$
0.07

 
 
 
 
Dividends declared per share
$
0.165

 
$
0.200


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

4


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2014
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
23,064

 
$
5,777

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:
 
 
 
Net change in fair value of derivatives, net of tax expense of $118 and $804 for the three months ended March 2013 and 2014, respectively
3,826

 
370

Net derivative loss reclassified into earnings
8,274

 
9,327

Other comprehensive income
12,100

 
9,697

Total comprehensive income
$
35,164

 
$
15,474


The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

5


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
(Dollars in thousands)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2014
Cash flows from operating activities:
 
 
 
Net income
$
23,064

 
$
5,777

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation
69,900

 
73,927

Amortization of deferred financing costs
2,435

 
3,420

Amortization of net lease discounts and lease incentives
7,081

 
6,591

Deferred income taxes
2,194

 
1,347

Non-cash share based payment expense
811

 
990

Cash flow hedges reclassified into earnings
8,274

 
9,327

Security deposits and maintenance payments included in earnings
(23,259
)
 
(14,786
)
Gain on sale of flight equipment
(1,192
)
 
(1,110
)
Impairment of aircraft
6,199

 
18,263

Other
(2,773
)
 
(2,162
)
Changes in certain assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
1,866

 
(1,496
)
Other assets
(95
)
 
(1,171
)
Accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
1,144

 
2,907

Lease rentals received in advance
(2,902
)
 
1,167

Net cash provided by operating activities
92,747

 
102,991

Cash flows from investing activities:
 
 
 
Acquisition and improvement of flight equipment and lease incentives
(4,157
)
 
(663,038
)
Proceeds from sale of flight equipment
19,750

 
28,018

Aircraft purchase deposits and progress payments
(3,869
)
 
3,280

Net investment in finance leases
(11,595
)
 

Collections on finance leases
1,845

 
2,773

Unconsolidated equity method investment and associated costs

 
(159
)
Distributions from unconsolidated equity method investment in excess of earnings

 
388

Principal repayments on debt investment
42,001

 

Other
5

 
(248
)
Net cash used in investing activities
43,980

 
(628,986
)
Cash flows from financing activities:
 
 
 
Issuance of shares net of repurchases
(7,940
)
 
(2,091
)
Proceeds from notes and term debt financings

 
803,200

Securitization and term debt financing repayments
(82,681
)
 
(287,778
)
Deferred financing costs
(441
)
 
(14,755
)
Restricted secured liquidity facility collateral

 
42,000

Secured liquidity facility collateral

 
(42,000
)
Restricted cash and cash equivalents related to financing activities
2,819

 
20,310

Security deposits received
11,349

 
636

Security deposits returned
(425
)
 
(4,463
)
Maintenance payments received
34,142

 
41,265

Maintenance payments returned
(7,196
)
 
(21,218
)
Payments for terminated cash flow hedges

 
(33,427
)
Dividends paid
(11,268
)
 
(16,201
)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
(61,641
)
 
485,478

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
75,086

 
(40,517
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
618,217

 
654,613

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
693,303

 
$
614,096

Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
 
 
 
Cash paid for interest, net of capitalized interest
$
37,352

 
$
36,089

Cash paid for income taxes
$
344

 
$
1,467

Supplemental disclosures of non-cash investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchase deposits, advance lease rentals, security deposits and maintenance payments assumed in asset acquisitions
$

 
$
1,522

Term debt financings assumed in asset acquisitions
$

 
$
39,061

Advance lease rentals, security deposits, and maintenance payments settled in sale of flight equipment
$

 
$
3,655

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these unaudited consolidated financial statements.

6


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2014



Note 1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Organization and Basis of Presentation
Aircastle Limited (“Aircastle,” the “Company,” “we,” “us” or “our”) is a Bermuda exempted company that was incorporated on October 29, 2004 under the provisions of Section 14 of the Companies Act of 1981 of Bermuda. Aircastle’s business is investing in aviation assets, including acquiring, leasing, managing and selling high utility commercial jet aircraft. From time to time, we also make investments in other aviation assets, including debt investments secured by commercial jet aircraft.
Aircastle is a holding company that conducts its business through subsidiaries. Aircastle directly or indirectly owns all of the outstanding common shares of its subsidiaries. The consolidated financial statements presented are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“US GAAP”). We operate in one segment.
The accompanying consolidated financial statements are unaudited and have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) for interim financial reporting and, in our opinion, reflect all adjustments, including normal recurring items, which are necessary to present fairly the results for interim periods. Operating results for the periods presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the entire year. Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in consolidated financial statements prepared in accordance with US GAAP have been omitted in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC; however, we believe that the disclosures are adequate to make information presented not misleading. These financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 .
The Company’s management has reviewed and evaluated all events or transactions for potential recognition and/or disclosure since the balance sheet date of March 31, 2014 through the date on which the consolidated financial statements included in this Form 10-Q were issued.

Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Aircastle and all of its subsidiaries. Aircastle consolidates seven Variable Interest Entities (“VIEs”) of which Aircastle is the primary beneficiary. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
We consolidate VIEs in which we have determined that we are the primary beneficiary. We use judgment when deciding (a) whether an entity is subject to consolidation as a VIE, (b) who the variable interest holders are, (c) the potential expected losses and residual returns of the variable interest holders, and (d) which variable interest holder is the primary beneficiary. When determining which enterprise is the primary beneficiary, we consider (1) the entity’s purpose and design, (2) which variable interest holder has the power to direct the activities that most significantly impact the entity’s economic performance, and (3) the obligation to absorb losses of the entity or the right to receive benefits from the entity that could potentially be significant to the VIE. When certain events occur, we reconsider whether we are the primary beneficiary of VIEs. We do not reconsider whether we are a primary beneficiary solely because of operating losses incurred by an entity.

Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with US GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. While Aircastle believes that the estimates and related assumptions used in the preparation of the consolidated financial statements are appropriate, actual results could differ from those estimates.



7


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2014


Proposed Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2013, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued re-exposure draft, “Leases” (the “Lease Re-ED”), which would replace the existing guidance in the Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 840 (“ASC 840”), Leases . In March 2014, the FASB decided that the accounting for leases by lessors would basically remain unchanged from the concepts existing in current ACS 840 accounting. In addition, the FASB decided that a lessor should be precluded from recognizing selling profit and revenue at lease commencement for any sales-type or direct finance lease that does not transfer control of the underlying asset to the lessee. This requirement aligns the notion of what constitutes a sale in the lessor accounting guidance with that in the forthcoming revenue recognition standard, which evaluates whether a sale has occurred from the customer’s perspective. We anticipate that the final standard may have an effective date no earlier than 2017. We believe that when and if the proposed guidance becomes effective, it will not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Note 2. Fair Value Measurements
Fair value measurements and disclosures require the use of valuation techniques to measure fair value that maximize the use of observable inputs and minimize use of unobservable inputs. These inputs are prioritized as follows:
Level 1: Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets for identical assets or liabilities.
Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable, either directly or indirectly, such as quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities or market corroborated inputs.
Level 3: Unobservable inputs for which there is little or no market data and which require us to develop our own assumptions about how market participants price the asset or liability.

The valuation techniques that may be used to measure fair value are as follows:
The market approach uses prices and other relevant information generated by market transactions involving identical or comparable assets or liabilities.
The income approach uses valuation techniques to convert future amounts to a single present amount based on current market expectation about those future amounts.
The cost approach is based on the amount that currently would be required to replace the service capacity of an asset (replacement cost).
The following tables set forth our financial assets and liabilities as of December 31, 2013 and March 31, 2014 that we measured at fair value on a recurring basis by level within the fair value hierarchy. Assets and liabilities measured at fair value are classified in their entirety based on the lowest level of input that is significant to their fair value measurement. 
 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at December 31, 2013 Using Fair Value Hierarchy
 
Fair Value as of December 31, 2013
 
Quoted Prices
In Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Valuation
Technique
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
654,613

 
$
654,613

 
$

 
$

 
Market
Restricted cash and cash equivalents
122,773

 
122,773

 

 

 
Market
Total
$
777,386

 
$
777,386

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative liabilities
$
39,992

 
$

 
$
39,992

 
$

 
Income

8


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2014


 
 
 
Fair Value Measurements at March 31, 2014 Using Fair Value Hierarchy
 
Fair Value as of March 31, 2014
 
Quoted Prices
In Active
Markets for
Identical
Assets
(Level 1)
 
Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
 
Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 
Valuation
Technique
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
614,096

 
$
614,096

 
$

 
$

 
Market
Restricted cash and cash equivalents
102,463

 
102,463

 

 

 
Market
Total
$
716,559

 
$
716,559

 
$

 
$

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivative liabilities
$
4,765

 
$

 
$
4,765

 
$

 
Income

Our cash and cash equivalents, along with our restricted cash and cash equivalents balances, consist largely of money market securities that are considered to be highly liquid and easily tradable. These securities are valued using inputs observable in active markets for identical securities and are therefore classified as Level 1 within our fair value hierarchy. Our interest rate derivatives included in Level 2 consist of United States dollar-denominated interest rate derivatives, and their fair values are determined by applying standard modeling techniques under the income approach to relevant market interest rates (cash rates, futures rates, swap rates) in effect at the period close to determine appropriate reset and discount rates and incorporates an assessment of the risk of non-performance by the interest rate derivative counterparty in valuing derivative assets and an evaluation of the Company’s credit risk in valuing derivative liabilities.
The following tables reflect the activity for the classes of our assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014 , respectively:
 
Assets
 
Debt Investments
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2014
Balance at beginning of period
$
40,388

 
$

Total gains/(losses), net:
 
 
 
        Included in other revenue
1,613

 

Settlements
(42,001
)
 

Balance at end of period
$

 
$


For the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014 , we had no transfers into or out of Level 3; however, we settled the debt investment during the first quarter of 2013.
We measure the fair value of certain assets and liabilities on a non-recurring basis, when US GAAP requires the application of fair value, including events or changes in circumstances that indicate that the carrying amounts of assets may not be recoverable. Assets subject to these measurements include our investment in an unconsolidated joint venture and aircraft. We account for our investment in an unconsolidated joint venture under the equity method of accounting and record impairment when its fair value is less than its carrying value. We record aircraft at fair value when we determine the carrying value may not be recoverable. Fair value measurements for aircraft in impairment tests are based on an income approach which uses Level 3 inputs, which include the Company’s assumptions and appraisal data as to future cash proceeds from leasing and selling aircraft.


9


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2014


Aircraft Valuation
During the first quarter of 2013 , we impaired two aircraft, one Airbus A319-100 aircraft and one Boeing 767-300ER aircraft, each of which was returned to us early by the respective lessee. For these two aircraft, we recorded impairment charges totaling $6,199 and recorded maintenance revenue of $9,019 and other revenue of $764 during the three months ended March 31, 2013 .
During the first quarter of 2014, we impaired two aircraft, one Boeing 737-400, which was returned to us as scheduled by the lessee and one Boeing 747-400 converted freighter, for which we agreed to an early lease termination with our customer. For these two aircraft, we recorded impairment charges totaling $18,263 and recorded maintenance revenue of $17,176 during the three months ended March 31, 2014.

Financial Instruments
Our financial instruments, other than cash, consist principally of cash equivalents, restricted cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable, accounts payable, amounts borrowed under financings and interest rate derivatives. The fair value of cash, cash equivalents, restricted cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximates the carrying value of these financial instruments because of their short-term nature.
The fair value of our Securitization, which contains a third party credit enhancement, is estimated using a discounted cash flow analysis, based on our current incremental borrowing rates of borrowing arrangements that do not contain third party credit enhancements. The fair values of our ECA term financings and bank financings are estimated using a discounted cash flow analysis, based on our current incremental borrowing rates for similar types of borrowing arrangements. The fair value of our Senior Notes is estimated using quoted market prices.
 The carrying amounts and fair values of our financial instruments at December 31, 2013 and March 31, 2014 are as follows:
 
December 31, 2013
 
March 31, 2014
 
Carrying  Amount
of Asset
(Liability)
 
Fair Value
of Asset
(Liability)
 
Carrying  Amount
of Asset
(Liability)
 
Fair Value
of Asset
(Liability)
Securitizations
$
(828,871
)
 
$
(779,901
)
 
$
(560,472
)
 
$
(526,281
)
ECA term financings
(493,708
)
 
(506,227
)
 
(482,882
)
 
(494,243
)
Bank financings
(264,256
)
 
(268,435
)
 
(598,373
)
 
(603,141
)
Senior Notes
(2,150,527
)
 
(2,325,965
)
 
(2,650,498
)
 
(2,843,412
)
All of our financial instruments are classified as Level 2 with the exception of our Senior Notes, which are classified as Level 1.

Note 3. Lease Rental Revenues and Flight Equipment Held for Lease
Minimum future annual lease rentals contracted to be received under our existing operating leases of flight equipment at March 31, 2014 were as follows:
Year Ending December 31,
Amount
Remainder of 2014
$
532,533

2015
664,294

2016
577,259

2017
434,309

2018
310,517

Thereafter
798,400

Total
$
3,317,312


10


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2014



Geographic concentration of lease rental revenue earned from flight equipment held for lease was as follows:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Region
2013
 
2014
Europe
34
%
 
29
%
Asia and Pacific
37
%
 
42
%
North America
9
%
 
10
%
South America
9
%
 
9
%
Middle East and Africa
11
%
 
10
%
Total
100
%
 
100
%
The classification of regions in the tables above and in the table and discussion below is determined based on the principal location of the lessee of each aircraft.
For the three months ended March 31, 2013 , one customer accounted for 6% of lease rental revenue and two additional customers accounted for a combined 12% of lease rental revenue. No other customer accounted for more than 5% of lease rental revenue.
For the three months ended March 31, 2014 , one customer accounted for 6% of lease rental revenue and a second customer separately accounted for 5% of lease rental revenue. No other customer accounted for more than 5% of lease rental revenue.
The following table sets forth revenue attributable to individual countries representing at least 10% of total revenue (including maintenance revenue) based on each lessee’s principal place of business:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2014
Country
Revenue
 
Percent of
Total
Revenue
 
Number
of
Lessees
 
Revenue
 
Percent of
Total
Revenue
 
Number
of
Lessees
China (1)
$
19,303

 
11
%
 
4

 
$
21,601

 
12
%
 
4

United States (2)
17,919

 
10
%
 
6

 

 
%
 

            
(1) Total revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2014 includes $11,264 of maintenance revenue related to an agreed early lease termination.
(2) Total revenue was less than 10% for the three months ended March 31, 2014 .










11


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2014


Geographic concentration of net book value of flight equipment (includes net book value of flight equipment held for lease and net investment in finance leases) was as follows:
 
December 31, 2013
 
March 31, 2014
Region
Number
of
Aircraft
 
Net Book
Value %
 
Number
of
Aircraft
 
Net Book
Value %
Europe
64

 
30
%
 
68

 
28
%
Asia and Pacific
56

 
41
%
 
53

 
38
%
North America
19

 
10
%
 
21

 
9
%
South America
14

 
7
%
 
15

 
14
%
Middle East and Africa
7

 
11
%
 
6

 
10
%
Off-lease
2

(1)  
1
%
 
1

(2)  
1
%
Total
162

 
100
%
 
164

 
100
%
 
_______________


(1)
Consists of two Boeing 747-400 converted freighter aircraft, one of which is subject to a commitment to lease and the other is being marketed.
(2)
Consists of one Boeing 747-400 converted freighter which was returned to us in the fourth quarter of 2013 which is being marketed for lease or sale.

At December 31, 2013 and March 31, 2014, no country represented at least 10% of net book value of flight equipment based on each lessee’s principal place of business.
  At December 31, 2013 and March 31, 2014 , the amounts of lease incentive liabilities recorded in maintenance payments on the consolidated balance sheets were $28,611 and $28,805 , respectively.

Note 4. Net Investment in Finance Leases
At March 31, 2014 , our net investment in finance leases represents six aircraft leased to a customer in Germany, four aircraft leased to two customers in the United States and one aircraft leased to a customer in Canada. The following table lists the components of our net investment in finance leases at March 31, 2014 :
 
 
Amount
Total lease payments to be received
 
$
130,687

Less: Unearned income
 
(58,746
)
Estimated residual values of leased flight equipment (unguaranteed)
 
70,459

    Net investment in finance leases
 
$
142,400


At March 31, 2014 , minimum future lease payments on finance leases are as follows:
Year Ending December 31,
 
Amount
Remainder of 2014
 
$
20,281

2015
 
27,042

2016
 
27,042

2017
 
26,128

2018
 
15,287

Thereafter
 
14,907

    Total
 
$
130,687





12


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2014


Note 5. Unconsolidated Equity Method Investment
On December 19, 2013, the Company formed a joint venture to invest in leased aircraft with an affiliate of Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan ("Teachers' ") in which we have a 30% equity interest. Teachers' holds more than 5% of our common shares. Accordingly, the formation of the joint venture and the sale of the A330 aircraft to the joint venture was submitted to, and approved by, our Audit Committee under our related party policy. The assets and liabilities of this joint venture are off our balance sheet and we only record our net investment under the equity method of accounting.
While the Company has no obligation to make additional investments in the joint venture, we have agreed to return to the joint venture any portion of distributions from the joint venture which comprise lessee maintenance payments, to the extent that the joint venture must reimburse such maintenance payments to the lessee. The Company has recorded a $1,481 guarantee liability which is reflected in Maintenance payments on the balance sheet.
Investment in joint venture at December 31, 2013
 
$
21,123

Investment in joint venture
 
758

Earnings from joint venture, net of tax
 
450

Distributions
 
(891
)
Investment in joint venture at March 31, 2014
 
$
21,440

 
 
 


Note 6. Variable Interest Entities
Aircastle consolidates seven VIEs of which it is the primary beneficiary. The operating activities of these VIEs are limited to acquiring, owning, leasing, maintaining, operating and, under certain circumstances, selling the 15 aircraft discussed below.
Securitizations
In connection with Securitization No. 1, two of our subsidiaries, ACS Aircraft Finance Ireland plc (“ACS Ireland”) and ACS Aircraft Finance Bermuda Limited (“ACS Bermuda”) issued Class A-1 notes, and each has fully and unconditionally guaranteed the other’s obligations under the notes. In connection with Securitization No. 2, two of our subsidiaries, ACS Aircraft Finance Ireland 2 Limited (“ACS Ireland 2”) and ACS 2007-1 Limited (“ACS Bermuda 2”) issued Class A-1 notes and each has fully and unconditionally guaranteed the other’s obligations under the notes. ACS Ireland and ACS Ireland 2 are collectively referred to as the “ACS Ireland VIEs”. In February 2014, we repaid the outstanding amount plus accrued interest and fees due under Securitization No. 1 and ACS Ireland became a wholly owned subsidiary of Aircastle.
Aircastle is the primary beneficiary of ACS Ireland 2, as we have both the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impacts the economic performance of such VIE and we bear the significant risk of loss and participate in gains through Class E-1 Securities. Although Aircastle has not guaranteed the ACS Ireland 2 debt, Aircastle wholly owns ACS Bermuda 2 which has fully and unconditionally guaranteed the ACS Ireland 2 VIE obligations. The activity that most significantly impacts the economic performance is the leasing of aircraft. Aircastle Advisor (Ireland) Limited (Aircastle’s wholly owned subsidiary) is the remarketing servicer and is responsible for the leasing of the aircraft. An Irish charitable trust owns 95% of the common shares of ACS Ireland 2. The Irish charitable trust’s risk is limited to its annual dividend of $2 . At March 31, 2014 , the assets of ACS Ireland 2 include seven aircraft transferred into the VIE at historical cost basis in connection with Securitization No. 2.
The assets of the ACS Ireland 2 as of March 31, 2014 are $192,720 . The liabilities of the ACS Ireland 2, net of $40,351 Class E-1 Securities held by the Company, which is eliminated in consolidation, as of March 31, 2014 are $161,283 .

ECA Term Financings
Aircastle, through various subsidiaries, each of which is owned by a charitable trust (such entities, collectively the “Air Knight VIEs”), has entered into eight different twelve -year term loans, which are supported by guarantees from Compagnie Francaise d’ Assurance pour le Commerce Exterieur, (“COFACE”), the French government sponsored export credit agency (“ECA”). We refer to these COFACE-supported financings as “ECA Term Financings.”
Aircastle is the primary beneficiary of the Air Knight VIEs, as we have the power to direct the activities of the VIEs that most significantly impact the economic performance of such VIEs and we bear the significant risk of loss and participate in gains through a finance lease. The activity that most significantly impacts the economic performance is the leasing of

13


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2014


aircraft of which our wholly owned subsidiary is the servicer and is responsible for managing the relevant aircraft. There is a cross collateralization guarantee between the Air Knight VIEs. In addition, Aircastle guarantees the debt of the Air Knight VIEs.
The only assets that the Air Knight VIEs have on their books are financing leases that are eliminated in the consolidated financial statements and deferred financing costs. The related aircraft, with a net book value as of March 31, 2014 of $662,512 were included in our flight equipment held for lease. The consolidated debt outstanding of the Air Knight VIEs as of March 31, 2014 is $482,882 .

Note 7. Secured and Unsecured Debt Financings
The outstanding amounts of our secured and unsecured term debt financings were as follows:
 
At 12/31/2013
 
At 3/31/2014
Debt Obligation
Outstanding
Borrowings
 
Outstanding
Borrowings
 
Interest Rate (1)
 
Final Stated
Maturity (2)
Secured Debt Financings:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Securitization No. 1 (3)
$
225,034

 
$

 
—%
 
-
Securitization No. 2
603,837

 
560,472

 
0.46%
 
06/14/37
ECA Term Financings
493,708

 
482,882

 
3.02% to 3.96%
 
12/3/21 to 11/30/24
Bank Financings
264,256

 
598,373

 
1.05% to 5.09%
 
09/15/15 to 04/19/25
Total secured debt financings
1,586,835

 
1,641,727

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Unsecured Debt Financings:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Senior Notes due 2017
500,000

 
500,000

 
6.75%
 
04/15/17
Senior Notes due 2018 (4)
450,527

 
450,498

 
9.75%
 
08/01/18
Senior Notes due 2018
400,000

 
400,000

 
4.625%
 
12/05/18
Senior Notes due 2019
500,000

 
500,000

 
6.250%
 
12/01/19
Senior Notes due 2020
300,000

 
300,000

 
7.625%
 
04/15/20
Senior Notes due 2021

 
500,000

 
5.125%
 
03/15/21
2014 Revolving Credit Facility (5)

 

 
N/A
 
03/31/18
Total unsecured debt financings
2,150,527

 
2,650,498

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total secured and unsecured debt financings
$
3,737,362

 
$
4,292,225

 
 
 
 
 
        
(1)
Reflects the floating rate in effect at the applicable reset date plus the margin for Securitization No. 2 and six of our Bank Financings. All other financings have a fixed rate.
(2)
For Securitization No. 2, all cash flows available after expenses and interest are applied to debt amortization.
(3)
In February 2014, we repaid the outstanding amount plus accrued interest and fees due under Securitization No. 1 and terminated the related interest rate derivative, for a total cash payment of $255,186 , with proceeds from our December 2013 issuance of our Senior Notes due 2018.
(4)
Proceeds from the issuance of our Senior Notes due 2021 were used to pay-off the balance of our 9.75% Senior Notes due 2018 plus accrued interest of $10,238 and the call premium of $32,835 on April 25, 2014.
(5)
On March 31, 2014, we amended and restructured our existing $335,000 2013 Revolving Credit Facility with a new unsecured revolving credit facility (the “2014 Revolving Credit Facility”).  The 2014 Revolving Credit Facility was increased to $450,000 , has a term of four years and is scheduled to expire in March 2018.





14


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2014


The following Securitization includes a liquidity facility commitment described in the table below: 
 
 
 
Available Liquidity
 
 
 
 
Facility
Liquidity Facility Provider
 
December 31,
2013
 
March 31,
2014
 
Unused
Fee
 
Interest Rate
on any Advances
Securitization No. 2
HSH Nordbank AG
 
$
65,000

 
$
65,000

 
0.50%
 
1M Libor + 0.75
 


Secured Debt Financings:

Securitizations

In February 2014, we repaid the outstanding amount plus accrued interest and fees due under Securitization No.1 and terminated the related interest rate derivative, for a total cash payment of $255,186 , with proceeds from our December 2013 issuance of our Senior Notes due 2018.

Bank Financings
In February 2014, we entered into two floating rate loans and one fixed rate loan totaling $303,200 secured by two Boeing 777-300ER aircraft and one Airbus A330-200 aircraft we acquired in 2013. In March 2014, we assumed two floating rate loans totaling $40,809 in connection with the acquisition of two Boeing 737-800 aircraft.
We include these loan facilities in “Bank Financings”. Aircastle Limited has guaranteed the repayment of these Bank Financings.

Unsecured Debt Financings:

Senior Notes due 2021

On March 26, 2014, Aircastle Limited issued $500,000 aggregate principal amount of Senior Notes due 2021 (the “2021 Senior Notes”). The 2021 Senior Notes will mature on March 15, 2021 and bear interest at the rate of 5.125% per annum, payable semi-annually on March 15 and September 15 of each year, commencing on September 15, 2014. Interest will accrue on the 2021 Senior Notes from March 26, 2014. Proceeds from the issuance were used to pay-off the balance of our 9.75% Senior Notes due 2018 plus accrued interest of $10,238 , and the call premium of $32,835 on April 25, 2014.

2014 Revolving Credit Facility

On March 31, 2014, we amended and restructured our existing $335,000 2013 Revolving Credit Facility with a new unsecured revolving credit facility (the “2014 Revolving Credit Facility”).  The 2014 Revolving Credit Facility was increased to $450,000 , has a term of four years and is scheduled to expire in March 2018. As of March 31, 2014 , we are in compliance with all applicable covenants in all of our financings.









15


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2014


Note 8. Dividends
The following table sets forth the quarterly dividends declared by our board of directors for the periods covered in this report: 
Declaration Date
Dividend
per Common
Share
 
Aggregate
Dividend
Amount
 
Record Date
 
Payment Date
February 18, 2013
$
0.165

 
$
11,268

 
March 4, 2013
 
March 15, 2013
May 1, 2013
$
0.165

 
$
11,297

 
May 31, 2013
 
June 14, 2013
August 2, 2013
$
0.165

 
$
13,330

 
August 30, 2013
 
September 13, 2013
October 29, 2013
$
0.200

 
$
16,163

 
November 29, 2013
 
December 13, 2013
February 21, 2014
$
0.200

 
$
16,201

 
March 7, 2014
 
March 14, 2014

Note 9. Earnings Per Share
We include all common shares granted under our incentive compensation plan which remain unvested (“restricted common shares”) and contain non-forfeitable rights to dividends or dividend equivalents, whether paid or unpaid (“participating securities”), in the number of shares outstanding in our basic earnings per share calculations using the two-class method. All of our restricted common shares are currently participating securities.
Under the two-class method, earnings per common share is computed by dividing the sum of distributed earnings allocated to common shareholders and undistributed earnings allocated to common shareholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period. In applying the two-class method, distributed and undistributed earnings are allocated to both common shares and restricted common shares based on the total weighted average shares outstanding during the period as follows:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2014
Weighted-average shares:
 
 
 
Common shares outstanding
67,896,481

 
80,387,371

Restricted common shares
492,906

 
500,524

Total weighted-average shares
68,389,387

 
80,887,895

 
 
 
 
Percentage of weighted-average shares:
 
 
 
Common shares outstanding
99.28
%
 
99.38
%
Restricted common shares
0.72
%
 
0.62
%
Total
100.00
%
 
100.00
%










16


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2014


The calculations of both basic and diluted earnings per share are as follows: 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2014
Earnings per share – Basic:
 
 
 
Net income
$
23,064

 
$
5,777

Less: Distributed and undistributed earnings allocated to restricted common shares (a)
(166
)
 
(36
)
Earnings available to common shareholders – Basic
$
22,898

 
$
5,741

 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding – Basic
67,896,481

 
80,387,371

 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share – Basic
$
0.34

 
$
0.07

 
 
 
 
Earnings per share – Diluted:
 
 
 
Net income
$
23,064

 
$
5,777

Less: Distributed and undistributed earnings allocated to restricted common shares(a)
(166
)
 
(36
)
Earnings available to common shareholders – Diluted
$
22,898

 
$
5,741

 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding – Basic
67,896,481

 
80,387,371

Effect of dilutive shares (b)

 

Weighted-average common shares outstanding – Diluted
67,896,481

 
80,387,371

 
 
 
 
Earnings per common share – Diluted
$
0.34

 
$
0.07

 
        
(a)
For the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014, distributed and undistributed earnings to restricted shares is 0.72% and 0.62% of net income. The amount of restricted share forfeitures for all periods present is immaterial to the allocation of distributed and undistributed earnings.
(b)
For the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014 , we had no dilutive shares.


Note 10. Income Taxes
Income taxes have been provided for based upon the tax laws and rates in countries in which our operations are conducted and income is earned. The Company received an assurance from the Bermuda Minister of Finance that it would be exempted from local income, withholding and capital gains taxes until March 2035. Consequently, the provision for income taxes relates to income earned by certain subsidiaries of the Company which are located in, or earn income in, jurisdictions that impose income taxes, primarily Ireland, Singapore and the United States.
The sources of income from continuing operations before income taxes and earnings of unconsolidated equity method investment for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014 were as follows: 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2014
U.S. operations
$
405

 
$
765

Non-U.S. operations
26,243

 
5,445

Total
$
26,648

 
$
6,210



17


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2014


All of our aircraft-owning subsidiaries that are recognized as corporations for U.S. tax purposes are non-U.S. corporations. These non-U.S. subsidiaries generally earn income from sources outside the United States and typically are not subject to U.S. federal, state or local income taxes unless they operate within the U.S., in which case they may be subject to federal, state and local income taxes. The aircraft owning subsidiaries resident in Ireland, Mauritius and Singapore are subject to tax in those respective jurisdictions.
We have a U.S. based subsidiary which provides management services to our non-U.S. subsidiaries and is subject to U.S. federal, state and local income taxes. We also have Ireland and Singapore based subsidiaries which provide management services to our non-U.S. subsidiaries and are subject to tax in those respective jurisdictions.
The consolidated income tax expense for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014 was determined based upon estimates of the Company's consolidated effective income tax rates for the years ending December 31, 2013 and 2014, respectively.
The Company's effective tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2013 was 13.4% compared to 14.2% for the three months ended March 31, 2014. Movements in the effective tax rates are generally caused by changes in the proportion of the Company's pre-tax earnings in taxable and non-tax jurisdictions.
Differences between statutory income tax rates and our effective income tax rates applied to pre-tax income consisted of the following: 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2014
Notional U.S. federal income tax expense (benefit) at the statutory rate
$
9,327

 
$
2,173

U.S. state and local income tax, net
34

 
79

Non-U.S. operations:
 
 
 
Bermuda
(3,876
)
 
3,429

Ireland
(901
)
 
(3,289
)
Singapore
(24
)
 
(1,195
)
Other
(1,070
)
 
(598
)
Non-deductible expenses in the U.S.
102

 
299

Other
(8
)
 
(15
)
Income tax provision
$
3,584

 
$
883


Note 11. Interest, Net
The following table shows the components of interest, net: 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2014
Interest on borrowings, net settlements on interest rate derivatives, and other liabilities
$
48,591

 
$
51,685

Hedge ineffectiveness losses
128

 
53

Amortization of interest rate derivatives related to deferred losses
8,274

 
9,327

Amortization of deferred financing fees
2,435

 
3,420

Interest Expense
59,428

 
64,485

Less interest income
(276
)
 
(222
)
Interest, net
$
59,152

 
$
64,263




18


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2014


Note 12. Commitments and Contingencies
At March 31, 2014 , we had commitments to acquire five aircraft for $406,974 . One A320 family aircraft was acquired in the second quarter of 2014 and four 777-300ER aircraft are expected to be acquired once the seller, LATAM, repays its existing financings for these aircraft.


Note 13. Derivatives
The objective of our hedging policy is to adopt a risk averse position with respect to changes in interest rates. Accordingly, we have entered into a number of interest rate derivatives to hedge the current and expected future interest rate payments on our variable rate debt. Interest rate derivatives are agreements in which a series of interest rate cash flows are exchanged with a third party over a prescribed period. The notional amount on an interest rate derivative is not exchanged. Our interest rate derivatives typically provide that we make fixed rate payments and receive floating rate payments to convert our floating rate borrowings to fixed rate obligations to better match the largely fixed rate cash flows from our investments in flight equipment.
We held the following interest rate derivatives as of March 31, 2014
 
Derivative Liabilities
Hedged Item
Current
Notional
Amount
 
Effective
Date
 
Maturity
Date
 
Future
Maximum
Notional
Amount
 
Floating
Rate
 
Fixed
Rate
 
Balance Sheet
Location
 
Fair
Value
Interest rate derivatives designated as cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Securitization No. 2
$
447,284

 
Jun-12
 
Jun-17
 
$
447,284

 
1M LIBOR
 
1.26%
to
1.28%
 
Fair value of
derivative
liabilities
 
$
4,765

 

In connection with the repayment of Securitization No. 1., two interest rate derivatives hedging the facility were terminated on February 18, 2014, resulting in a net deferred loss of $26,863 which is being amortized into interest expense using the effective interest method over the original hedge term.
The weighted average interest pay rates of these derivatives at December 31, 2013 and March 31, 2014 were 3.03% and 1.27% , respectively.
For the three months ended March 31, 2014 , the amount of loss reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (“OCI”) into interest expense related to net interest settlements on active interest rate derivatives was $2,820 . The amount of loss expected to be reclassified from OCI into interest expense over the next 12 months related to net interest settlements on active interest rate derivatives is $4,836 .
Our interest rate derivatives involve counterparty credit risk. As of March 31, 2014 , our interest rate derivatives are held with JP Morgan Chase Bank NA, and Wells Fargo Bank NA. Both of our counterparties or guarantors of these counterparties are considered investment grade (senior unsecured ratings of Aa3 or above) by Moody’s Investors Service. Both are also considered investment grade (long-term foreign issuer ratings of AA- or above) by Standard and Poor’s. We do not anticipate that either of these counterparties will fail to meet their obligations.
In addition to the derivative liability above, another component of the fair value of our interest rate derivatives is accrued interest. As of March 31, 2014 , accrued interest payable included in accounts payable, accrued expenses, and other liabilities on our consolidated balance sheet was $305 related to interest rate derivatives designated as cash flow hedges.




19


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2014


Following is the effect of interest rate derivatives on the statement of financial performance for the three months ended March 31, 2014
Effective Portion
 
Ineffective Portion
Derivatives in
ASC 815
Cash Flow
Hedging
Relationships
 
Amount of
Gain or (Loss)
Recognized in
OCI on
Derivative
(a)
 
Location of
Gain or (Loss)
Reclassified from
Accumulated
OCI into Income
 
Amount of
Gain or (Loss)
Reclassified from
Accumulated
OCI into Income  (b)
 
Location of
Gain or (Loss)
Recognized in
Income on Derivative
 
Amount of
Gain or (Loss)
Recognized in
Income on
Derivative
(c)
Interest rate derivatives
 
$(2,380)
 
Interest expense
 
$(12,077)
 
Interest expense
 
$(56)
 
        
(a)
This represents the change in fair market value of our interest rate derivatives since year end, net of taxes, offset by the amount of actual cash paid related to the net settlements of the interest rate derivatives for the three months ended March 31, 2014 .
(b)
This represents the amount of actual cash paid, net of taxes, related to the net settlements of the interest rate derivatives for the three months ended March 31, 2014 plus any effective amortization of net deferred interest rate derivative losses.
(c)
This represents both realized and unrealized ineffectiveness incurred during the three months ended March 31, 2014 .

Derivatives Not Designated as Hedging Instruments under ASC 815
 
Location of Gain
or (Loss)
Recognized in Income
On Derivative
 
Amount of Gain
or (Loss)
Recognized in Income on
Derivative
Interest rate derivatives
 
Other income (expense)
 
$
681


On an ongoing basis, terminated interest rate derivative notionals are evaluated against debt forecasts. To the extent that interest payments are deemed remote to occur, deferred gains or losses are accelerated into interest expense as applicable.
For the three months ended March 31, 2014 , the amount of deferred net loss reclassified from OCI into interest expense related to our terminated interest rate derivatives was $8,779 . The amount of deferred net loss expected to be reclassified from OCI into interest expense over the next 12 months related to our terminated interest rate derivatives is $33,615 , of which $13,877 relates to Term Financing No. 1 interest rate derivatives terminated in 2012, $11,380 relates to Securitization No. l interest rate derivatives terminated in 2014, $5,797 relates to ECA Term Financings for New A330 Aircraft, $1,298 relates to other financings and $1,263 relates to Term Financing No. 1 derivatives terminated in 2008.
For the three months ended March 31, 2014 , the amount of effective deferred loss reclassified from OCI into interest expense related to our designated active interest rate derivative was $548 .
The following table summarizes amounts charged directly to the consolidated statement of income for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014 , respectively, related to our interest rate derivatives:

20


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2014


 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2014
Interest expense:
 
 
 
Hedge ineffectiveness losses
$
128

 
$
53

Amortization:
 
 
 
Amortization of loss on designated interest rate derivative
341

 
548

Amortization of deferred losses
7,933

 
8,779

Total Amortization
8,274

 
9,327

Total charged to interest expense
$
8,402

 
$
9,380

 
 
 
 
Other income:
 
 
 
Mark to market gains on undesignated interest rate derivatives
$
1,215

 
$
681

Total charged to other income
$
1,215

 
$
681



Note 14. Other Assets
The following table describes the principal components of other assets on our consolidated balance sheet as of:
 
December 31,
2013
 
March 31,
2014
Deferred debt issuance costs, net of amortization of $61,104 and $49,993, respectively
$
52,464

 
$
64,069

Deferred federal income tax asset
1,218

 
942

Lease incentives and lease premiums, net of amortization of $41,136 and $44,607, respectively
72,181

 
66,635

Flight equipment held for sale
9,474

 
7,100

Aircraft purchase deposits
10,000

 
220

Other assets
8,639

 
9,740

Total other assets
$
153,976

 
$
148,706

 

Note 15. Accounts Payable, Accrued Expenses and Other Liabilities
The following table describes the principal components of accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities recorded on our consolidated balance sheet as of:
 
December 31,
2013
 
March 31,
2014
Accounts payable and accrued expenses
$
30,204

 
$
17,845

Deferred federal income tax liability
33,178

 
36,106

Accrued interest payable
39,213

 
55,109

Lease discounts, net of amortization of $6,458 and $7,969 respectively
9,066

 
47,705

Total accounts payable, accrued expenses and other liabilities
$
111,661

 
$
156,765






21


Aircastle Limited and Subsidiaries
Notes to Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements
(Dollars in thousands, except per share amounts)
March 31, 2014


Note 16. Accumulated Other Comprehensive Loss
The following table describes the principal components of accumulated other comprehensive loss recorded on our consolidated balance sheet as of:
Changes in accumulated other comprehensive loss by component (a)
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2014
Beginning balance
$
(75,905
)
Amount recognized in other comprehensive loss on derivatives, net of tax expense of $736
(2,380
)
Amounts reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into income, net of tax expense of $68
12,077

   Net current period other comprehensive income
9,697

Ending balance
$
(66,208
)
        

(a) All amounts are net of tax. Amounts in parentheses indicate debits.


Reclassifications from accumulated other comprehensive loss (a)
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2014
 
 
Amount of effective amortization of net deferred interest rate derivative losses (b)
$
9,327

Effective amount of net settlements of interest rate derivatives, net of tax expense of $68 (b)
2,750

   Amount of loss reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into income (c)
$
12,077

            

(a) All amounts are net of tax.
(b) Included in interest expense.
(c) This represents the effective amounts of actual cash paid related to the net settlements of the interest rate derivatives plus any effective amortization of net deferred interest rate derivative losses (see Note 13. - Derivatives).



22


ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
This management’s discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations contains forward-looking statements that involve risks, uncertainties and assumptions. You should read the following discussion in conjunction with our historical consolidated financial statements and the notes thereto appearing elsewhere in this report. The results of operations for the periods reflected herein are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for future periods, and our actual results may differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including but not limited to those described under “Risk Factors” and included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2013 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”). Please see “Safe Harbor Statement Under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995” for a discussion of the uncertainties, risks and assumptions associated with these statements. Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, or US GAAP, and, unless otherwise indicated, the other financial information contained in this report has also been prepared in accordance with US GAAP. Unless otherwise indicated, all references to “dollars” and “$” in this report are to, and all monetary amounts in this report are presented in, U.S. dollars.
Certain items in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q (this “report”), and other information we provide from time to time, may constitute forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 including, but not necessarily limited to, statements relating to our ability to acquire, sell, lease or finance aircraft, raise capital, pay dividends, and increase revenues, earnings, EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted Net Income and the global aviation industry and aircraft leasing sector. Words such as “anticipates,” “expects,” “intends,” “plans,” “projects,” “believes,” “may,” “will,” “would,” “could,” “should,” “seeks,” “estimates” and variations on these words and similar expressions are intended to identify such forward-looking statements. These statements are based on management's current expectations and beliefs and are subject to a number of factors that could lead to actual results materially different from those described in the forward-looking statements; Aircastle can give no assurance that its expectations will be attained. Accordingly, you should not place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements contained in this report. Factors that could have a material adverse effect on our operations and future prospects or that could cause actual results to differ materially from Aircastle expectations include, but are not limited to, capital markets disruption or volatility which could adversely affect our continued ability to obtain additional capital to finance new investments or our working capital needs; government fiscal or tax policies, general economic and business conditions or other factors affecting demand for aircraft or aircraft values and lease rates; our continued ability to obtain favorable tax treatment in Bermuda, Ireland and other jurisdictions; our ability to pay dividends; high or volatile fuel prices, lack of access to capital, reduced load factors and/or reduced yields, operational disruptions caused by political unrest and other factors affecting the creditworthiness of our airline customers and their ability to continue to perform their obligations under our leases and other risks detailed from time to time in Aircastle's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) including as previously disclosed in Aircastle’s 2013 Annual Report on Form 10-K, and elsewhere in this report. In addition, new risks and uncertainties emerge from time to time, and it is not possible for Aircastle to predict or assess the impact of every factor that may cause its actual results to differ from those contained in any forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements speak only as of the date of this report. Aircastle Limited expressly disclaims any obligation to release publicly any updates or revisions to any forward-looking statements contained herein to reflect any change in its expectations with regard thereto or change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any statement is based.

WEBSITE AND ACCESS TO COMPANY’S REPORTS
The Company’s Internet website can be found at www.aircastle.com. Our annual reports on Forms 10-K, quarterly reports on Forms 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the "Exchange Act") are available free of charge through our website under “Investors — SEC Filings” as soon as reasonably practicable after they are electronically filed with, or furnished to, the SEC.
Statements and information concerning our status as a Passive Foreign Investment Company (“PFIC”) for U.S. taxpayers are also available free of charge through our website under “Investors — SEC Filings”.
Our Corporate Governance Guidelines, Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, and Board of Directors committee charters (including the charters of the Audit Committee, Compensation Committee, and Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee) are available free of charge through our website under “Investors — Corporate Governance”. In

23


addition, our Code of Ethics for the Chief Executive and Senior Financial Officers, which applies to our Chief Executive Officer, Chief Financial Officer, Chief Accounting Officer, Treasurer and Controller, is available in print, free of charge, to any shareholder upon request to Investor Relations, Aircastle Limited, c/o Aircastle Advisor LLC, 300 First Stamford Place, 5th Floor, Stamford, Connecticut 06902.
The information on the Company’s website is not part of, or incorporated by reference, into this report, or any other report we file with, or furnish to, the SEC.

OVERVIEW
We acquire, lease, and sell commercial jet aircraft with large, global operator bases and long useful lives. As of March 31, 2014 , our portfolio consisted of 164 aircraft leased to 65 lessees located in 37 countries. Our aircraft fleet is managed by an experienced team based in the United States, Ireland and Singapore. Typically, our aircraft are subject to net leases whereby the lessee is generally responsible for maintaining the aircraft and paying operational, maintenance and insurance costs, although in a majority of cases, we are obligated to pay a portion of specified maintenance or modification costs. From time to time, we also make investments in other aviation assets, including debt investments secured by commercial jet aircraft. As of March 31, 2014, the net book value of our flight equipment and finance lease aircraft was $5.82 billion compared to $5.19 billion at the end of 2013. Our revenues and net income for the three months ended March 31, 2014 were $176.6  million and $5.8  million, respectively.
Commercial air travel and air freight activity have been long-term growth sectors, broadly correlated with world economic activity and expanding at a rate of one to two times the rate of global GDP growth. The expansion of air travel has driven a rise in the world aircraft fleet. There are currently more than 17,000 commercial mainline passenger and freighter aircraft in operation worldwide. This fleet is expected to continue expanding at an average annual rate, net of retirements, of approximately 3.6% through 2032. In addition, aircraft leasing companies own an increasing share of the world’s commercial jet aircraft, and now account for more than one-third of this fleet.
Notwithstanding the sector’s long-term growth, the aviation markets have been, and are expected to remain, subject to economic cyclicality. The industry is also susceptible to external shocks, such as regional conflicts, terrorist events and to disruptions caused by severe weather events and other natural phenomena. Mitigating these risks is the portability of the assets, allowing aircraft to be redeployed in locations where demand is higher.
Air traffic data for the first three months of 2014 showed a continued strong trend in passenger market growth. Air cargo traffic showed slow improvement as world trade and economic growth increased.  According to the International Air Transport Association, during 2014 global passenger traffic increased by 5.6% and air cargo traffic, measured in freight ton kilometers, increased by 4.4% as compared to the same period in 2013.  Passenger traffic growth was strong, driven by rising economic growth and business confidence.  The air cargo market, which is more sensitive than the passenger sector to economic conditions, appears to have stabilized after weak performances in 2012 and 2011, although these results are hampered by overcapacity and a muted response to a global economic rebound.
There are significant regional variations in both passenger and air cargo demand. Certain emerging market economies such as China, Turkey, and Brazil, among others, have been experiencing significant increases in air traffic, driven by rising levels of per capita air travel. Air traffic in other regions such as the Middle East, is being driven by a more long-term structural change in global traffic flows, with more long-haul "hub and spoke" traffic flowing through the Persian Gulf. In contrast, more mature markets such as North America and Western Europe are likely to grow more slowly in tandem with their economies. Additionally, airlines operating in areas with political instability have seen more modest growth and their outlook is more uncertain. In aggregate, we believe that passenger and cargo traffic will likely increase over time, and as a result, we expect demand for modern, fuel efficient aircraft will continue to remain strong over the long-term.
Capital availability for aircraft has varied over time, but has improved over the past year as the world's debt and equity markets continued their recovery. Strong US debt capital markets conditions benefited certain borrowers by permitting access to financing at historic lows while higher fees have driven down export credit agency ("ECA") demand. Commercial bank debt continued to play a critical role in the air finance market with traditional aviation lenders, along with a number of new entrants, providing capacity to top tier airlines and lessors. Although financing for used aircraft has improved relative to the prior year as bank lenders and bond investors seek higher returns on investments, absolute levels of capacity remain low compared to new aircraft financing opportunities. We believe these market forces should generate attractive new investment and trading opportunities upon which we are well placed to capitalize given our access to the U.S. capital markets.

24


We plan to grow our business and profits over the long-term by continuing to employ the following elements of our fundamental business strategy:
Pursuing a disciplined, "value oriented" investment strategy. In our view, the relative values of different aircraft investments change over time. As a consequence, we maintain a "value oriented" investment strategy to seek out the best risk-adjusted return opportunities across the commercial jet market. To this end, we carefully evaluate investments across different aircraft models, ages, lessees and acquisition sources and re-evaluate these choices periodically as market conditions and relative investment values change. In this respect, we believe the financing flexibility offered through unsecured debt enables our value oriented strategy and provides us with a competitive advantage for many investment opportunities. We believe this approach is somewhat unique among the larger aircraft leasing companies.
Investing in additional commercial jet aircraft and other aviation assets when attractively priced opportunities and cost effective financing are available. We believe the large and growing aircraft market, together with ongoing fleet replacements, will provide significant acquisition opportunities. We regularly evaluate potential aircraft acquisitions and expect to continue our investment program through additional purchases when attractively priced opportunities and cost effective financing are available.
Maintaining efficient access to capital from a wide range of sources. We believe the aircraft investment market is subject to forces related to the business cycle and , our strategy is to increase our purchase activity when prices are low and to emphasize asset sales when competition for assets is high. In order to implement this approach, we believe maintaining access to a wide variety of financing sources over the business cycle is very important. To that end, our strategy is to maintain corporate credit ratings from major ratings agencies, manage to strong credit metrics, own a large pool of unencumbered assets and increase our asset base so as to maintain good access to capital during a variety of business conditions.
Selling assets when attractive opportunities arise and for portfolio management purposes.  We pursue asset sales as opportunities arise over the course of the business cycle with the aim of realizing profits and reinvesting proceeds where more accretive investments are available. We also use asset sales for portfolio management purposes such as reducing lessee specific concentrations and lowering residual value exposures to certain aircraft types and also to exit from an investment when a sale or part-out would provide the greatest expected cash flow for us.
Leveraging our efficient operating platform and strong operating track record. We believe our team's capabilities in the global aircraft leasing market place us in a favorable position to source and manage new income-generating activities. We intend to continue to focus our efforts in areas where we believe we have competitive advantages, including new direct investments as well as ventures with strategic business partners.
Intending to pay quarterly dividends to our shareholders based on the Company's sustainable earnings levels. However our ability to pay quarterly dividends will depend upon many factors, including those as described in Item 1A. “Risk Factors”, and elsewhere in our 2013 Annual Report on Form 10-K. On February 21, 2014, our board of directors declared a regular quarterly dividend of $0.20 per common share, or an aggregate of $16.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014, which was paid on March 14, 2014 to holders of record on March 7, 2014. These dividends may not be indicative of the amount of any future dividends.

We also believe our team’s capabilities in the global aircraft leasing market place us in a favorable position to explore new income-generating activities as capital becomes available for such activities. We intend to continue to focus our efforts on investment opportunities in areas where we believe we have competitive advantages and on transactions that offer attractive risk/return profiles after taking into consideration available financing options. In any case, there can be no assurance that we will be able to access capital on a cost-effective basis, and a failure to do so could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition or results of operations.

Revenues
Our revenues are comprised primarily of operating lease rentals on flight equipment held for lease, revenue from retained maintenance payments related to lease expirations, lease termination payments, lease incentive amortization and interest recognized from finance leases.
Typically, our aircraft are subject to net operating leases whereby the lessee pays lease rentals and is generally responsible for maintaining the aircraft and paying operational, maintenance and insurance costs, although in a majority of

25


cases we are obligated to pay a portion of specified maintenance or modification costs. Our aircraft lease agreements generally provide for the periodic payment of a fixed amount of rent over the life of the lease and the amount of the contracted rent will depend upon the type, age, specification and condition of the aircraft and market conditions at the time the lease is committed. The amount of rent we receive will depend on a number of factors, including the credit-worthiness of our lessees and the occurrence of delinquencies, restructurings and defaults. Our lease rental revenues are also affected by the extent to which aircraft are off-lease and our ability to remarket aircraft that are nearing the end of their leases in order to minimize their off-lease time. Our success in re-leasing aircraft is affected by market conditions relating to our aircraft and by general industry conditions and trends. An increase in the percentage of off-lease aircraft or a reduction in lease rates upon remarketing would negatively impact our revenues.
Under an operating lease, the lessee will be responsible for performing maintenance on the relevant aircraft and will typically be required to make payments to us for heavy maintenance, overhaul or replacement of certain high-value components of the aircraft. These maintenance payments are based on hours or cycles of utilization or on calendar time, depending upon the component, and would be made either monthly in arrears or at the end of the lease term. For maintenance payments made monthly in arrears during a lease term, we will typically be required to reimburse all or a portion of these payments to the lessee upon their completion of the relevant heavy maintenance, overhaul or parts replacement. We record maintenance payments paid by the lessee during a lease as accrued maintenance liabilities in recognition of our obligation in the lease to refund such payments, and therefore we do not recognize maintenance revenue during the lease. Maintenance revenue recognition would occur at the end of a lease, when we are able to determine the amount, if any, by which reserve payments received exceed the amount we are required under the lease to reimburse to the lessee for heavy maintenance, overhaul or parts replacement. The amount of maintenance revenue we recognize in any reporting period is inherently volatile and is dependent upon a number of factors, including the timing of lease expiries, including scheduled and unscheduled expiries, the timing of maintenance events and the utilization of the aircraft by the lessee. If a lease requires end of lease term maintenance payments, typically the lessee would be required to pay us for its utilization of the aircraft during the lease; however, in some cases, we may owe a net payment (contra maintenance revenue) to the lessee in the event heavy maintenance is performed and paid for by the lessee during the lease term and the aircraft is returned to us in better condition than at lease inception.
Many of our leases contain provisions which may require us to pay a portion of the lessee’s costs for heavy maintenance, overhaul or replacement of certain high-value components. We account for these expected payments as lease incentives, which are amortized as a reduction of revenue over the life of the lease. We estimate the amount of our portion for such costs, typically for the first major maintenance event for the airframe, engines, landing gear and auxiliary power units, expected to be paid to the lessee based on assumed utilization of the related aircraft by the lessee, the anticipated cost of the maintenance event and the estimated amounts the lessee is responsible to pay.
This estimated lease incentive is not recognized as a lease incentive liability at the inception of the lease. We recognize the lease incentive as a reduction of lease revenue on a straight-line basis over the life of the lease, with the offset being recorded as a lease incentive liability which is included in maintenance payments on the balance sheet. The payment to the lessee for the lease incentive liability is first recorded against the lease incentive liability and any excess above the lease incentive liability is recorded as a prepaid lease incentive asset which is included in other assets on the balance sheet and continues to amortize over the remaining life of the lease.
When we acquire a leased aircraft, determining the fair value of the attached lease requires us to make assumptions regarding the current fair value of that lease. In doing so, we estimate a range of current lease rates of like aircraft in order to determine if the relevant lease is within a fair value range. If the lease rental is below or above the range of current lease rates, we present value the estimated amount below or above the fair value range over the remaining term of the lease. The resulting lease discount or premium is recorded as a liability or asset and is amortized into lease rental income over the remaining term of the lease.

2014 Lease Expirations and Lease Placements
We began the year with 25 aircraft having scheduled lease expirations in 2014, and with one off-lease aircraft that we repossessed in the fourth quarter of 2013. In the first quarter of 2014, we also exercised an early lease termination option, giving us another aircraft to place in late 2014. Of these 27 aircraft, we have sold, leased or have lease or sale commitments for 14 of these aircraft, leaving 13 aircraft representing 3.6% of our net book value of flight equipment (including flight equipment held for lease and net investment in finance leases) at March 31, 2014 to market for lease or sale. We expect to sell nine of these aircraft, representing 1.9% of such net book value of flight equipment and the remaining four are expected to be placed on lease.

26



2015-2018 Lease Expirations and Lease Placements
Taking into account lease and sale commitments, we currently have the following number of aircraft with lease expirations scheduled in the period 2015-2018 representing the percentage of our net book value of flight equipment (including flight equipment held for lease and net investment in finance leases) at March 31, 2014 specified below:
2015: 21 aircraft, representing 8%;
2016: 26 aircraft, representing 11%;
2017: 33 aircraft, representing 20%; and
2018: 21 aircraft, representing 14%.

Operating Expenses
Operating expenses are comprised of depreciation of flight equipment held for lease, interest expense, selling, general and administrative expenses, aircraft impairment charges and maintenance and other costs. Because our operating lease terms generally require the lessee to pay for operating, maintenance and insurance costs, our portion of maintenance and other costs relating to aircraft reflected in our statement of income primarily relates to expenses for unscheduled lease terminations.

Income Tax Provision
We have obtained an assurance from the Minister of Finance of Bermuda under the Exempted Undertakings Tax Protection Act 1966 that, in the event that any legislation is enacted in Bermuda imposing any tax computed on profits or income, or computed on any capital asset, gain or appreciation or any tax in the nature of estate duty or inheritance tax, such tax shall not, until March 2035, be applicable to us or to any of our operations or to our shares, debentures or other obligations except insofar as such tax applies to persons ordinarily resident in Bermuda or to any taxes payable by us in respect of real property owned or leased by us in Bermuda. Consequently, the provision for income taxes recorded relates to income earned by certain subsidiaries of the Company which are located in, or earn income in, jurisdictions that impose income taxes, primarily Ireland, Singapore and the United States.
All of our aircraft-owning subsidiaries that are recognized as corporations for U.S. tax purposes are non-U.S. corporations. These non-U.S. subsidiaries generally earn income from sources outside the United States and typically are not subject to U.S. federal, state or local income taxes unless they operate within the U.S., in which case they may be subject to federal, state and local income taxes. The aircraft owning subsidiaries resident in Ireland, Mauritius and Singapore are subject to tax in those respective jurisdictions.
We have a U.S. based subsidiary which provides management services to our non-U.S. subsidiaries and is subject to U.S. federal, state and local income taxes. We also have Ireland and Singapore based subsidiaries which provide management services to our non-U.S. subsidiaries and are subject to tax in those respective jurisdictions.

Acquisitions and Sales
Thus far in 2014, we invested in 8 aircraft for $714.9 million as follows:
six aircraft for $660.9 million with ages of less than five years; and
two aircraft for $54.0 million between five and ten years in age.
As of March 31, 2014 , we had commitments to acquire five aircraft for $407.0 million.
During the first three months of 2014, the aggregate sales price for flight equipment sold was $28.0 million, which resulted in a net gain of $1.1 million. We repaid debt associated with this flight equipment in the amount of $4.7 million.



27


The following table sets forth certain information with respect to the aircraft owned by us as of March 31, 2014 :

AIRCASTLE AIRCRAFT INFORMATION (dollars in millions)
 
Owned
Aircraft as of
March 31,  2013 (1)
 
Owned
Aircraft as of
March 31,  2014 (1)
Flight Equipment
$
4,693

 
$
5,822

Unencumbered Flight Equipment
$
2,059

 
$
3,280

Number of Aircraft
158

 
164

Number of Unencumbered Aircraft
72

 
104

Number of Lessees
66

 
65

Number of Countries
36

 
37

Weighted Average Age – Passenger (years) (2)
10.7

 
8.3

Weighted Average Age – Freighter (years) (2)
11.3

 
12.9

Weighted Average Age – Combined (years) (2)
10.9

 
9.1

Weighted Average Remaining Passenger Lease Term (years) (3)
4.6

 
5.0

Weighted Average Remaining Freighter Lease Term (years) (3)
5.3

 
3.8

Weighted Average Remaining Combined Lease Term (years) (3)
4.8

 
4.8

Weighted Average Fleet Utilization during the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014 (4)
97
%
 
99
%
Portfolio Yield for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014 (5)
13.6
%
 
13.5
%
 
        
(1)
Calculated using net book value of flight equipment held for lease and net investment in finance leases at period end.
(2)
Weighted average age by net book value.
(3)
Weighted average remaining lease term by net book value.
(4)
Aircraft on-lease days as a percent of total days in period weighted by net book value.
(5)
Lease rental revenue for the period as a percent of the average net book value of flight equipment held for lease for the period; quarterly information is annualized.

Our owned aircraft portfolio as of March 31, 2014 is listed in Exhibit 99.1 to this report.

















28


PORTFOLIO DIVERSIFICATION
 
 
Owned Aircraft as  of
March 31, 2014
 
Number of
Aircraft
 
% of Net
Book  Value (1)
Aircraft Type
 
 
 
Passenger:
 
 
 
Narrowbody
99

 
32
%
Midbody
38

 
32
%
Widebody
9

 
20
%
Total Passenger
146

 
84
%
Freighter
18

 
16
%
Total
164

 
100
%
 
 
 
 
Manufacturer
 
 
 
Boeing
97

 
57
%
Airbus
62

 
40
%
Embraer
5

 
3
%
Total
164

 
100
%
 
 
 
 
Regional Diversification
 
 
 
Europe
68

 
28
%
Asia and Pacific
53

 
38
%
North America
21

 
9
%
South America
15

 
14
%
Middle East and Africa
6

 
10
%
Off-lease (2)
1

 
1
%
Total
164

 
100
%
 
        
(1)
Calculated using net book value of flight equipment held for lease and net investment in finance leases at period end.
(2) Consists of one Boeing 747-400 converted freighter which was returned to us in the fourth quarter of 2013 which is being marketed for lease or sale.




29


Our largest customer represents less than 10% of the net book value of flight equipment held for lease (includes net book value of flight equipment held for lease and net investment in finance leases) at March 31, 2014 . Our top 15 customers for aircraft we owned at March 31, 2014 , representing 65 aircraft and 61% of the net book value of flight equipment held for lease, are as follows:
Percent of Net Book Value
 
Customer
 
Country
 
Number of
Aircraft
Greater than 6% per customer
 
LATAM (1)
 
Chile
 
4
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3% to 6% per customer
 
South African Airways
 
South Africa
 
4
 
 
Thai Airways
 
Thailand
 
2
 
 
Singapore Airlines
 
Singapore
 
4
 
 
Martinair (2)
 
Netherlands
 
5
 
 
Emirates
 
United Arab Emirates
 
2
 
 
Garuda
 
Indonesia
 
4
 
 
US Airways (3)
 
USA
 
11
 
 
Jet Airways
 
India
 
8
 
 
Virgin Australia
 
Australia
 
2
 
 
AirBridge Cargo (4)
 
Russia
 
2
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Less than 3% per customer
 
EVA Airways
 
Taiwan
 
4
 
 
SriLankan Airlines
 
Sri Lanka
 
4
 
 
Air Atlanta
 
Iceland
 
4
 
 
Azul
 
Brazil
 
5
 
        
(1)
If combined with one other affiliated customer, represents 9.6% of flight equipment held for lease.
(2)
Martinair is a wholly owned subsidiary of KLM. If combined with KLM and two other affiliated customers, represents 4.9% of flight equipment held for lease.
(3)
US Airways has merged with American Airlines.
(4)
Guaranteed by Volga-Dnepr Airlines.

Finance
We intend to fund new investments through cash on hand, cash flows from operations and through medium - to longer-term financings on a secured or unsecured basis. We may repay all or a portion of such borrowings from time to time with the net proceeds from subsequent long-term debt financings, additional equity offerings, cash generated from operations and asset sales. Therefore, our ability to execute our business strategy, particularly the acquisition of additional commercial jet aircraft or other aviation assets, depends to a significant degree on our ability to obtain additional debt and equity capital on terms we deem attractive.
See “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Liquidity and Capital Resources.”


30

Table of Contents

RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Comparison of the three months ended March 31, 2013 to the three months ended March 31, 2014 :
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2014
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Revenues:
 
 
 
Lease rental revenue
$
156,590

 
$
174,335

     Finance lease revenue
3,884

 
3,987

Amortization of net lease premiums, discounts and lease incentives
(7,081
)
 
(6,591
)
Maintenance revenue (including contra maintenance revenue of $0 and $16,382 for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2014, respectively)
16,866

 
3,042

Total lease revenue
170,259

 
174,773

Other revenue
5,930

 
1,830

Total revenues
176,189

 
176,603

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
Depreciation
69,900

 
73,927

Interest, net
59,152

 
64,263

Selling, general and administrative
13,285

 
13,944

Impairment of aircraft
6,199

 
18,263

Maintenance and other costs
3,412

 
1,863

Total operating expenses
151,948

 
172,260

Other income:
 
 
 
Gain on sale of flight equipment
1,192

 
1,110

Other
1,215

 
757

Total other income
2,407

 
1,867

Income from continuing operations before income taxes
26,648

 
6,210

Income tax provision
3,584

 
883

Earnings of unconsolidated equity method investment, net of tax

 
450

Net income
$
23,064

 
$
5,777


Revenues:
Total revenues increased by 0.2%, or $0.4 million, for the three months ended March 31, 2014 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2013 , primarily as a result of the following:
Lease rental revenue . The increase in lease rental revenue of $17.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 as compared to the same period in 2013 was primarily the result of:
$38.0 million of revenue reflecting the full quarter impact of 22 aircraft purchased in 2013 and eight aircraft purchased in 2014.
This increase was offset partially by a decrease in lease rental revenue of:
$16.9 million due to aircraft sales; and
$2.4 million from the effect of lease terminations and other changes and $1.0 million due to lease extensions and transitions.


31


Finance lease revenue: For the three months ended March 31, 2014 , $4.0 million of interest income from finance leases was recognized as compared to $3.9 million of interest income from finance leases recorded for the same period in 2013 .

Amortization of net lease premiums, discounts and lease incentives.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2014
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Amortization of lease incentives
$
(5,357
)
 
$
(5,772
)
Amortization of lease premiums
(1,942
)
 
(2,330
)
Amortization of lease discounts
218

 
1,511

Amortization of net lease premiums, discounts and lease incentives
$
(7,081
)
 
$
(6,591
)
As more fully described above under “Revenues”, lease discounts represent the present value of the amount below current lease rates for acquired aircraft with attached leases. The increase in amortization of lease discounts of $1.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 as compared to the same period in 2013 resulted from six aircraft purchases in 2014 and the full quarter amortization of six aircraft purchased during the last nine months of 2013.

Maintenance revenue.
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2014
 
Dollars
(in  thousands)
 
Number of
Leases
 
Dollars
(in thousands)
 
Number of
Leases
Unscheduled lease terminations
$
16,866

 
6
 
$
180

 
1
Scheduled lease terminations

 
 
2,862

 
7
Maintenance revenue
$
16,866

 
6
 
$
3,042

 
8
Unscheduled lease terminations. For the three months ended March 31, 2013 , we recorded maintenance revenue from unscheduled lease terminations of $16.9 million primarily associated with five aircraft returned in the first quarter of 2013 resulting from early termination agreements with those lessees and one aircraft that transitioned to a new lessee during the first quarter of 2013. Comparatively, for the same period in 2014 , we recorded maintenance revenue totaling $0.2 million from unscheduled lease terminations primarily associated with one aircraft returned in the fourth quarter of 2013 resulting from an early termination agreement with the lessee.
Scheduled lease terminations. As more fully described above under “Revenues”, contra maintenance revenue represents the net payment to a lessee in the event heavy maintenance is performed and paid for by the lessee during the lease term and the aircraft is returned to us in better condition than at lease inception. For the three months ended March 31, 2013 , we recorded no maintenance revenue from scheduled lease terminations. Comparatively, for the same period in 2014 , we recorded $19.2 million of maintenance revenue from four scheduled lease terminations offset by $16.4 million of contra maintenance revenue related to three scheduled lease terminations.
Other revenue. For the three months ended March 31, 2013 , other revenue was $5.9 million which was primarily comprised of $1.7 million of interest on our debt investments and $4.2 million recognized in additional fees paid by five lessees in connection with the early termination of seven leases. For the three months ended March 31, 2014 , other revenue was $1.8 million which primarily represents additional fees paid by one lessee in connection with the early termination of one lease.





32


Operating expenses:
Total operating expenses increased $20.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 as compared to the three months ended March 31, 2013 , primarily as a result of the following:
Depreciation expense increased by 5.8%, or $4.0 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 as compared to the same period in 2013 . The net increase is primarily the result of :
a $13.4 million increase in depreciation for aircraft acquired; and
a $0.3 million increase due to capitalized aircraft improvements being fully depreciated.
This increase was partially offset by:
a $8.7 million decrease in depreciation for aircraft sales; and
a $0.9 million decrease due to changes in asset lives and residual values.

Interest, net consisted of the following:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2013
 
2014
 
(Dollars in thousands)
Interest on borrowings, net settlements on interest rate derivatives, and other liabilities
$
48,591

 
$
51,685

Hedge ineffectiveness losses
128